Publications, Lectures and Other Stuff
Haile Selassie was the only head of state to address both the League of Nations (in 1936) and the UN (in 1963).
Haile Selassie I (23 July 1892 – 27 August 1975). Regent, 1916-1930; and Emperor of Ethiopia, 1930-1974. Photo from Wikimedia Commons.
Here are links for his two addresses:
1. APPEAL TO THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS. June 1936:
“I assert that the problem submitted to the Assembly today is a much wider one. It is not merely a question of the settlement of Italian aggression… It is collective security: it is the very existence of the League of Nations. It is the confidence that each State is to place in international treaties. It is the value of promises made to small States that their integrity and their independence shall be respected and ensured. It is the principle of the equality of States on the one hand, or otherwise the obligation laid upon small Powers to accept the bonds of vassalship. In a word, it is international morality that is at stake. Have the signatures appended to a Treaty value only in so far as the signatory Powers have a personal, direct and immediate interest involved?”
2. Address to the United Nations Oct 6, 1963:
“Yet, this is the ultimatum presented to us: secure the conditions whereby men will entrust their security to a larger entity, or risk annihilation; persuade men that their salvation rests in the subordination of national and local interests to the interests of humanity, or endanger man’s future. These are the objectives, yesterday unobtainable, today essential, which we must labor to achieve”.
“The goal of the equality of man which we seek is the antithesis of the exploitation of one people by another with which the pages of history and in particular those written of the African and Asian continents, speak at such length. Exploitation, thus viewed, has many faces. But whatever guise it assumes, this evil is to be shunned where it does not exist and crushed where it does. It is the sacred duty of this Organization to ensure that the dream of equality is finally realized for all men to whom it is still denied, to guarantee that exploitation is not reincarnated in other forms in places whence it has already been banished”.